List of Gross External Debt by Country

External debt is the total  public (government) and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services. This is gross (total) external debt. It does not measure net debt.

External debt is different to measures of public (government) debt. See: List of national debt by country.

Some countries with very high levels of external debt, also have very high levels of external credit. For example, Luxembourg, Switzerland and China have high levels of assets – i.e. they hold the external debt of other countries. In fact, they are net international creditors because there assets are greater than their debt levels.

Countries with large banking systems tend to have higher levels of external debt because they correspondingly hold more international assets. The problem comes when the assets they hold fall in value.

External debt can be problematic for developing countries if interest payments on their external debt levels impact on a countries ability to invest and spend on current public services.

List of External Debt by Country

1  Luxembourg 3,443
2  Ireland 1,008
3  Iceland 999
4  United Kingdom 406
5  Sao Tome and Principe 349
6  Netherlands 344
7  Hong Kong 334
8  Belgium 266
9  Guinea-Bissau 259
10  Monaco[note 2] 240
11   Switzerland 229
12  Portugal 223
13  Burundi 202
14  Austria 200
15  Sweden 187
16  France 182
17  Denmark 180
18  Greece 174
19  Spain 167
20  Finland 155
21  Congo, Republic of the 155
22  Seychelles 147
23  Latvia 146
24  Germany 142
25  Norway 141
26  Cyprus 129
27  New Zealand 126
28  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 122
29  Hungary 115
30  Comoros 115
31  Italy 108
32  United States 106
33  Zimbabwe 103
34  Croatia 99
35  Australia 95
36  Jamaica 92
37  Laos 91
38  Bulgaria 90
39  Lebanon 88
40  Mali 88
41  Estonia 87
42  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 85
43  Kyrgyzstan 81
44  Serbia 80
45  Lithuania 80
46  Moldova 79
47  Niger 79
48  Saint Kitts and Nevis 79
49  Belize 75
50  Dominica 75
51  Grenada 74
52  Malta 72
53  Ukraine 71
54  Kazakhstan 68
55  Slovakia 68
56  Guinea 68
57  Central African Republic 68
58  Romania 67
59  Bahrain 65
60  Canada 64
61  Iraq 64
62  Bhutan 64
63  Nicaragua 62
64  Sierra Leone 61
65  Japan 60
66  Republic of Macedonia 60
67  Eritrea 58
68  Armenia 56
69  Djibouti 56
70  Qatar 55
71  Sudan 55
72  Georgia 54.8
73  Marshall Islands 54
74  El Salvador 53
75  Panama 52
76  Mauritius 52
77  Cape Verde 52
78  Cote d’Ivoire 51
79  Mozambique 50
80  Maldives 50
81  Gambia, The 50
82  Turkey 48
83  Bosnia and Herzegovina 48
84  Slovenia 47.6
85  Poland 47
86  Samoa 47
87  Czech Republic 45
88  Belarus 45
89  Solomon Islands 44
90  Kuwait 43
91  Benin 43
92  Israel 42
93  Tunisia 42
94  Guatemala 42
95  Guyana 42
96  United Arab Emirates 41
97  Mongolia 41
98  Chile 38
99  China 37.5
100  Korea, South 37
101  Cambodia 37
102  Sri Lanka 36
103  Madagascar 36
104  Antigua and Barbuda 36
105    Nepal 35
106  Tajikistan 35
107  Cuba 34
108  Uruguay 33
109  Tanzania 33
110  Tonga 33
111  Philippines 32
112  Vietnam 32
113  Saint Lucia 32
114  Malaysia 31
115  Pakistan 30
116  Senegal 30
117  Lesotho 30
118  Indonesia 28
119  Suriname 28
120  Thailand 26
121  Ecuador 25
122  Dominican Republic 25
123  Kenya 25
124  Turkmenistan 25
125  Micronesia, Federated States of 25
126  Costa Rica 24
127  Malawi 24
128  Montenegro 24
129  Russia 23
130  South Africa 23
131  Bangladesh 23
132  Yemen 23
133  Albania 23
134  Honduras 23
135  Burkina Faso 23
136  Peru 22
137  Morocco 22
138  Zambia 22
139  Barbados 22
140  Afghanistan 22
141  Liberia 22
142  Vanuatu 22
143  Angola 21
144  Ghana 21
145  Trinidad and Tobago 21
146  Chad 21
147  Aruba 21
148  India 20
149  Mexico 20
150  Colombia 20
151  Namibia 20
152  Saudi Arabia 19
153  Venezuela 19
154  Gabon 18
155  Burma 17
156  Uganda 17
157  Oman 16
158  Papua New Guinea 16
159  Botswana 16
160  Brazil 15
161  Bolivia 15
162  Cameroon 15
163  Egypt 14
164  Ethiopia 14
165  Swaziland 14
166  Kiribati 14
167  Syria 13
168  Paraguay 13
169  Uzbekistan 11
170  Libya 9
171  Cayman Islands 7
172  Bahamas, The 6
173  Azerbaijan 6
174  Equatorial Guinea 6
175  Nigeria 5
176  Haiti 5
177  Fiji 5
178  Bermuda 5
179  Greenland 5
180  Iran 4
181  Algeria 3
182  New Caledonia 3
183  Brunei 0
184  Liechtenstein 0
185  Taiwan 0
186  Palau 0

 

External links

Related

Sources:

  • External Debt CIA

Related

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. List of National Debt by Country | Economics Blog - July 29, 2011

    […] A different statistics is external debt, this the amount of debt a country owes to other countries. It includes both the private and public sector debt. See: list of external debt by country […]

  2. List of National Debt by Country | Economics Blog - June 22, 2012

    […] debt is different to ‘external debt‘ – External debt includes all the debts a country (both private and public sector) owe […]