Economics Articles

Essays on topical issues, latest developments in UK and global economies, and answers to readers questions

Effects of slower economic growth

Posted on September 18, 2019

Economic growth means an increase in national income/national output. If we have a slower rate of economic growth – living standards will increase at a slower rate. For example, in the post-war period, western economies grew at 2.5% to 4.% per year. However, since the early 2000s, growth rates have slowed down. This process of …


Understanding exchange rates

Posted on September 10, 2019

A summary for understanding exchange rates. Factors that affect exchange rates and the impact of exchange rates on the economy. Terminology Depreciation/devaluation – fall in value of exchange rate – exchange rate becomes weaker (see also: definition of devaluation and depreciation) Appreciation – increase in the value of exchange rate – exchange rate becomes stronger. …


What happens in a recession?

Posted on August 18, 2019

A recession is a period of negative economic growth. In a recession, we see falling real GDP, falling average incomes and rising unemployment. This graph shows US economic growth 2001-2016. The period 2008-09 shows the deep recession, where real GDP fell sharply. Other things we are likely to see in a recession 1. Unemployment The …