Economics Articles

Essays on topical issues, latest developments in UK and global economies, and answers to readers questions

Monetary Policy vs Fiscal Policy

Posted on April 23, 2018

The aims of fiscal and monetary policy are similar. They could both be used to: Maintain positive economic growth (close to long-run trend rate of 2.5%) Aim for full employment Keep inflation low (inflation target of 2%) The principal aim of fiscal and monetary policy is to reduce cyclical fluctuations in the economic cycle. In …


Impact of increase in female labour market participation

Posted on April 19, 2018

A look at the economic impact of an increase in the supply of female workers in labour markets. In summary: Increased female labour market participation will lead to increase in supply of labour, and in theory, could lead to lower wages. However, a gradual increase in female labour market participation is often in response to …


What is needed for specialisation?

Posted on March 31, 2018

Readers Question: Why does specialisation necessitate an efficient means of exchanging good and services, such as the use of money as a medium of exchange? Specialisation in the labour market means workers concentrate on specific jobs. Rather than learn every trade – electrician, plumber, manager, doctor, teacher – it is more efficient and practical if …