Fiscal impact of immigration

If you are interested in fiscal impact of net migration, this study “Fiscal effects of immigration to the UK” is worth reading.

Some highlights

  • EU migrants cost the UK government £408.12 per second in public expenditures, and contribute £463.35 per second in revenue.
  • Of all EU migrants, nearly nine in ten are of working age. According to long-term international migration data collected by the ONS, around 48.9 % of EU migrants that came to the UK in 2013 were between the ages of 15 and 24.
  • Meanwhile, 40.9% of European migrants were between the ages of 25 and 44.
    One per cent of EU migrants were over the legal age of retirement.
  • Between 2007 and 2011, European migrants made a positive net contribution of £15.2bn – amounting to £2,610 per capita. Over that same time period, UK natives cost the government £1,900 per capita. Comparatively, non -EEA migrants posed a net fiscal cost of £332 per capita.
    This disparity likely stems from the fact that European migrants are 43 % less likely to be in receipt of state benefits, and 7% less likely to live in social housing.


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