How to reduce value of a currency

Sometimes governments may wish to reduce the value of their currency. A depreciation in the value of a currency would make exports cheaper, imports more expensive and can provide a boost to domestic demand. If the economy is stuck in recession or unemployment rising, reducing the value of a currency can help increase economic growth …

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The digital economy – Pros and Cons


What is the digital economy? The digital economy refers to economic activity that uses electronic communication and digital technologies to provide goods and services. The main building blocks of the digital economy are The internet. This enables firms to offer goods for sale and enables consumers to browse for goods that they need. E-mail. Electronic …

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Wealth multiplier effect


The multiplier effect occurs when an initial injection into the circular flow causes a bigger final increase in output. For example, an increase in government spending of £1 billion leading to an increase in national output of £1.5 billion. (giving multiplier effect of 1.5) The wealth multiplier effect refers to how the ownership of wealth …

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Economic effects of a pandemic


The Coronavirus has already led to disruption in manufacturing output, foreign travel and consumer demand. If the virus spreads and becomes a pandemic, what will be the likely economic effects? In short, a global pandemic will have a serious supply-side impact – especially on foreign travel, manufacturing and investment. The uncertainty and decline in travel …

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Pros and cons of a cashless society


In recent years, there has been a growing trend toward using electronic payments rather than physical cash. This trend to a cashless society is likely to be accelerated by the Coronavirus which gives an impetus to avoiding unnecessary physical transactions. There are several advantages of a cashless society, such as a lower risk of violent …

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Minimum Wage for 16-18 Year olds

The minimum wage for workers aged 16-18 is £4.55 (April 2020-21) For workers, aged 18-20 is currently £6.45 (April 2020-21) Readers Question: What are the minimum wage rates for 16, 17 and 18-year-olds. Should the minimum wage be increased?  Should there be a minimum wage rate for children under 16? Minimum Wage Rates from April …

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How do business know – Shall we put up our price?


There are a few different reasons firms may put up prices, but in each case, a business will weigh up the pros and cons. Potential reasons for increasing prices An increase in costs of production. A general increase in the price level (inflation) Competitors are increasing the price. Firms believe demand has become more price …

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Adjusting to oil price shocks


Oil prices tend to be volatile for a few reasons. Demand varies with the economic cycle. Changes in the price of oil can be magnified by speculators who buy forward contracts Supply is quite inelastic in the short-term. Therefore, a small change in demand can have a significant impact on the price. Firms and consumers …

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