List of Gross External Debt by Country

External debt is the total public (government) and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services. This is gross (total) external debt. It does not measure net debt.

External debt is different to measures of public (government) debt. See: List of national debt by country.

Some countries with very high levels of external debt, also have very high levels of external credit. For example, Ireland, United Kingdom, Switzerland and Singapore have high levels of assets – i.e. they hold the external debt of other countries. In fact, they are net international creditors because there assets are greater than their debt levels.

Countries with large banking systems tend to have higher levels of external debt because they correspondingly hold more international assets. The problem comes when the assets they hold fall in value.

However, some countries can have high external debt because of past borrowing requirements and high levels of government debt. For example, Greece has one of the highest levels of external debt 298% of GDP. This is largely due to the debt crisis of 2010 onwards where Greek debt became overwhelming and they required foreign borrowing.

external-debt-as-percent-gdp

External debt can be problematic for developing countries if interest payments on their external debt levels impact on a countries ability to invest and spend on current public services.

List of External Debt by Country

US dollars % of GDP US dollars Date Per capita % of GDP
1  United States 3×1013 ($30 tn) 2022 est. [1] 60,526 102
2  United Kingdom 9.019×1012 ($9 tn) 31 December 2017[2] 127,000 345
3  France 7.3239×1012 December 2020[3] 87,200 230
4  Germany 5.7358032×1012 31 March 2020[4] 69,000 165
5  Japan 4.7653479×1012 31 March 2020[5] 38,000 96
7  Italy 2.51069×1012 31 December 2017[7] 42,300 141
8  Spain 2.259127×1012 31 December 2017[8] 48,700 170
9  China 2.0946×1012 01-Mar-20 1,326 29
10  Canada 1.9319×1012 31 December 2017[9] 52,300 143
12  Australia 1.8335321×1012 31 September 2020[11] 71,906 130
11   Switzerland 1.820695×1012 31 December 2017[10] 213,100 285
13  Singapore 1.6692×1012 30 June 2021[12] 231,000 471
14  Belgium 1.278465×1012 30 June 2017[13] 112,000 269
15  Sweden 9.939396629×1011 30 June 2017[14] 94,500 169
16  Austria 7.570553×1011 31 December 2020[15] 84,061 165
17  Norway 6.044238×1011 30 June 2017[16] 117,000 181
18  India 5.713×1011 June 2021[17] 571.3 20.2
19  Brazil 5.56418×1011 30 September 2017[18] 3,200 38
21  Denmark 4.91617×1011 30 June 2017[20] 85,700 158
20  Russia 4.892×1011 1 September 2021[19] 3,700 32
22  Finland 4.83369×1011 30 June 2017[21] 87,500 223
24  Turkey 4.534×1011 30 September 2019 [23] 2,983 63
25  Portugal 4.47022×1011 30 June 2017[24] 43,300 203
23  Greece 4.4158×1011 31 December 2017[22] 42,800 298
26  Mexico 4.37367×1011 31 December 2017[25] 3,300 43
6  Netherlands 4.3691×1011 October 2021[6] 26,540 52
27  Indonesia 4.15082×1011 30 June 2021[26] 1,530 37
28  South Korea 4.07341×1011 30 June 2017[27] 7,500 33
29  Poland 3.63658×1011 30 June 2017[28] 9,500 60
35  Argentina 2.72852×1011 31 September 2020[33] 6,037 72
30  Malaysia 2.278445×1011 31 March 2018[29] 6,800 68
31  Ireland  2.276×1011 31 December 2017[30] 49,000 701
32  United Arab Emirates 2.204×1011 31 December 2016 est.[31] 23,500 59
34  Saudi Arabia 2.009×1011 31 December 2016 est.[32] 6,100 31
36  Mauritius 1.9971×1011 30 June 2018[34] 148,000 2,007
37  Taiwan 1.99051×1011 30 June 2018[35] 7,400 28
38  New Zealand 1.919437×1011 31 March 2020[36] 38,400 90
39  Chile 1.86697×1011 31 March 2019[37] 9,771 82
40  Puerto Rico (USA) 1.674×1011 31 January 2015 est. 47,800 164
41  Kazakhstan 1.65501×1011 31 March 2017[38] 9,100 91
42  Qatar 1.592×1011 31 December 2016 est.[39] 68,100 83
43  Thailand 1.4942955×1011 31 December 2017[40] 2,170 33
44  Hungary 1.48024×1011 30 June 2017[41] 15,000 160
45  South Africa 1.42833×1011 31 December 2016[42] 2,600 57
46  Czechia 1.37606×1011 31 December 2016[43] 13,000 76
59  Egypt 1.291957×1011 31 October 2020 [56] 700 34
49  Ukraine 1.25281×1011 30 June 2021[46] 2,200 81
54  Pakistan 1.2221×1011 30 September 2021[51] 554 43
47  Colombia 1.210972×1011 31 January 2017[44] 2,500 57
48  Cyprus 1.19672×1011 30 June 2017[45] 97,200 849
51  Venezuela 1.10878×1011 30 September 2015[48] 3,500 23
52  Romania 1.0888×1011 31 July 2017[49] 5,100 58
53  Malta 9.62513×1010 30 June 2017[50] 223,000 691
50  Israel 8.94384×1010 30 June 2017[47] 10,700 33
55  Slovakia 8.663×1010 30 June 2017[52] 15,900 112
56  Peru 7.46512×1010 31 December 2016[53] 2,300 44
57  Philippines 7.2493×1010 30 June 2017[54] 720 27
58  Iraq 6.801×1010 31 December 2016 est.[55] 1,800 44
60  Slovenia 5.19808×1010 30 April 2020[57] 25,000 104
61  Vietnam 5.09377×1010 31 December 2015[58] 500 26
62  Morocco 4.88303×1010 30 June 2017[59] 1,400 46
63  Kuwait 4.789×1010 31 December 2016 est.[60] 11,700 51
64  Sri Lanka 4.65857×1010 31 December 2016[61] 2,200 68
65  Croatia 4.60847×1010 30 June 2017[62] 10,700 89
66  Sudan 4.5×1010 31 December 2015[63] 1,100 121
67  Latvia 4.1147×1010 30 June 2017[64] 21,200 126
68  Bulgaria 4.0419×1010 31 January 2018[65] 5,700 63
69  Belarus 3.8975×1010 30 June 2017[66] 4,000 66
70  Angola 3.77×1010 31 December 2016 est.[67] 1,400 41
71  Ecuador 3.67472×1010 31 August 2017[68] 2,100 57
72  Lithuania 3.64277×1010 30 June 2017[69] 12,700 74
73  Serbia 2.7954×1010 30 June 2017[70] 3,200 62
74  Lebanon 2.7796×1010 31 December 2016[71] 4,600 63
75  Jordan 2.77564×1010 30 June 2017[72] 3,400 83
76  Cuba 2.632×1010 31 December 2016 est.[73] 2,300 34
77  Uruguay 2.61492×1010 31 December 2016[74] 7,600 50
78  Dominican Republic 2.605×1010 31 December 2016 est.[75] 2,400 36
79  Bangladesh 2.5963×1010 30 June 2016[76] 160 12
80  Mongolia 2.5215×1010 30 June 2017[77] 7,800 245
81  Tunisia 2.51247×1010 31 December 2012[78] 2,200 97
82  Costa Rica 2.491×1010 31 December 2016 est.[79] 5,100 43
83  Iceland 2.43906×1010 30 June 2017[80] 72,700 81
84  Ethiopia 2.249×1010 31 December 2016 est.[81] 220 32
85  Kenya 2.21719×1010 30 June 2017[82] 370 26
86  Papua New Guinea 2.204×1010 31 December 2016 est.[83] 2,800 111
87  Trinidad & Tobago 2.15321×1010 31 December 2016[84] 15,700 76
88  Ghana 2.117×1010 31 December 2016 est.[85] 700 30
89  Bahrain 2.116×1010 31 December 2016 est.[86] 14,900 66
90  Oman 2.085×1010 31 December 2016 est.[87] 4,400 35
91  Estonia 2.05251×1010 31 December 2016[88] 15,700 89
92  Guatemala 1.909×1010 31 December 2016 est.[89] 1,100 28
93  Palau 1.838×1010 31 December 2014 est.[90] 846,000 6,209
94  Panama 1.8341×1010 28 February 2018[91] 4,400 157
95  Bahamas 1.756×1010 31 December 2013 est.[92] 44,200 194
96  Jamaica 1.676×1010 31 December 2016 est.[93] 6,000 122
97  Monaco 1.65×1010 30 June 2010 est. 434,000 240
98  Georgia 1.64165×1010 30 June 2017[94] 3,900 128
99  Paraguay 1.61224×1010 31 December 2016[95] 2,400 54
100  Tanzania 1.589×1010 31 December 2016 est.[96] 280 34
101  Uzbekistan 1.575×1010 31 December 2016 est.[97] 500 24
102  Nigeria 1.5047×1010 30 June 2017[98] 60 2
103  El Salvador 1.49×1010 31 December 2016 est.[99] 2,400 56
104  Laos 1.198×1010 31 December 2016 est.[100] 1,700 53
105  Nicaragua 1.11×1010 31 December 2016 est.[101] 1,800 83
106  Zimbabwe 1.09×1010 31 December 2016 est.[102] 670 77
107  Luxembourg 1.061778×1010 31 March 2020 [103] 114,704 22.1
113  Albania 1.0461×1010 31 December 2020[109] 3,634 66
109  Ivory Coast 1.00281×1010 31 December 2015[105] 420 24
110  Cambodia 9.8244×109 31 December 2016[106] 600 57
111  Mozambique 9.554×109 31 December 2016 est.[107] 320 72
112  Zambia 9.27×109 31 December 2016 est.[108] 540 45
114  Honduras 8.042×109 31 December 2016 est.[110] 1,000 38
115  Kyrgyzstan 7.8668×109 31 December 2016[111] 1,300 112
116  North Macedonia 7.6455×109 31 December 2016[112] 3,700 73
117  Cameroon 7.375×109 31 December 2016 est.[113] 300 24
118  Yemen 7.1915×109 31 January 2015[114] 260 21
119  Iran 7.116×109 31 December 2016 est.[115] 90 2
120  Azerbaijan 6.9132×109 31 December 2016[114] 1,300 22
121  Moldova 6.5947×109 31 December 2016[116] 1,600 70
122  Namibia 6.515×109 31 December 2016 est.[117] 2,500 64
123  Myanmar 6.4012×109 31 December 2015[118] 120 17
124  Bolivia 6.3408×109 31 December 2015[95] 600 33
125  Uganda 6.241×109 31 December 2016 est.[119] 150 24
126  Senegal 6.186×109 31 December 2016 est.[120] 390 42
108  Armenia 6.0531×109 31 December 2020[104] 2,043 102
127  Syria 5.918×109 31 December 2016 est.[107] 300 24
128  Democratic Republic of the Congo 5.331×109 31 December 2016 est.[121] 70 13
129  Gabon 5.158×109 31 December 2016 est.[122] 2,900 35
130  North Korea 5×109 2013 est.[123] 200 18
131  Republic of the Congo 4.817×109 31 December 2016 est.[124] 1,000 55
132  Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.7166×109 30 June 2017[125] 1,300 23
133  Barbados 4.49×109 2010 est.[126] 15,700 100
143  Montenegro 4.408×109 26 March 2021[136] 6,742 151
134  Madagascar 4.007×109 31 December 2016 est.[127] 160 41
139  Algeria 3.838×109 31 December 2019[132] 89 2
135  Mali 3.626×109 31 December 2016 est.[128] 200 26
136  Mauritania 3.585×109 31 December 2016 est.[129] 840 76
137  Libya 3.531×109 31 December 2016 est.[130] 550 9
138    Nepal 3.4502×109 31 July 2015[131] 120 16
140  Burkina Faso 3.092×109 31 December 2016 est.[133] 160 26
141  Somalia 3.054×109 31 December 2013 est.[134] 270 52
142  Niger 2.729×109 31 December 2016 est.[135] 130 36
144  Seychelles 2.552×109 31 December 2016 est.[137] 26,200 180
145  Rwanda 2.442×109 31 December 2016 est.[138] 200 29
146  Bermuda (UK) 2.435×109 2015 est.[139] 39,700 47
147  Kosovo 2.3897×109 30 June 2017[140] 1,200 37
148  Benin 2.34×109 31 December 2016 est.[141] 200 26
149  Tajikistan 2.2741×109 31 December 2016[142] 260 38
150  Bhutan 2.261×109 31 December 2016 est.[143] 2,900 108
151  Haiti 2.022×109 31 December 2016 est.[144] 180 24
152  Malawi 1.921×109 31 December 2016 est.[145] 100 39
153  Chad 1.875×109 31 December 2016 est.[146] 130 18
154  Botswana 1.6854×109 31 March 2017[147] 720 8
155  Palestine 1.662×109 31 March 2016 est.[148] 340 35
156  Cape Verde 1.66×109 31 December 2016 est.[149] 3,100 99
157  Sierra Leone 1.561×109 31 December 2016 est.[150] 230 36
158  Equatorial Guinea 1.364×109 31 December 2016 est.[151] 1,500 12
159  Djibouti 1.339×109 31 December 2016 est.[152] 1,500 71
160  Guinea 1.332×109 31 December 2016 est.[138] 100 20
161  Belize 1.327×109 31 December 2016 est.[151] 3,500 75
162  Afghanistan 1.28×109 FY-2010/11[153] 40 7
163  Suriname 1.235×109 31 December 2016 est.[154] 2,200 30
164  Togo 1.173×109 31 December 2016 est.[155] 150 26
165  Guyana 1.143×109 31 December 2015[156] 1,500 36
166  Liberia 1.111×109 31 December 2016 est.[157] 230 51
167  Guinea-Bissau 1.095×109 31 December 2010 est.[158] 570 94
168  Lesotho 948,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[159] 430 53
169  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 888,800,000 2010[160] 18,400 38
170  Fiji 833,400,000 31 December 2016 est.[161] 900 18
171  Eritrea 820,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[162] 150 15
172  Maldives 741,600,000 2014 est.[163] 2,000 23
173  Burundi 705,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[164] 60 26
174  Aruba 693,200,000 31 December 2014 est.[165] 6,600 28
175  Central African Republic 686,900,000 31 December 2016 est.[166] 130 39
176  Grenada 679,000,000 2013 est.[167] 6,300 66
177  Gambia 541,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[168] 260 61
178  Saint Lucia 513,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[169] 2,700 36
179  Turkmenistan 502,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[170] 90 1
180  Solomon Islands 491,500,000 31 December 2013 est.[171] 800 40
181  Eswatini 470,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[172] 360 14
182  Samoa 447,200,000 31 December 2013 est.[173] 2,300 51
183  Antigua and Barbuda 441,200,000 31 December 2012[174] 4,700 34
184  San Marino 352,000,000 2016[175] 10,604 23
185  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 321,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[176] 2,900 42
186  Timor-Leste 311,500,000 31 December 2014 est.[177] 250 12
187  Dominica 288,600,000 31 December 2016 est.[178] 3,900 55
188  Cook Islands (New Zealand) 281,200,000 31 December 2011[179] 13,400 23
189  Sao Tome and Principe 236,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[180] 1,200 67
190  Tonga 233,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[181] 2,200 54
191  Vanuatu 208,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[182] 750 27
192  Saint Kitts and Nevis 187,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[183] 3,300 20
193  Comoros 133,300,000 31 December 2016 est.[184] 160 21
194  New Caledonia (France) 112,000,000 31 December 2013 est.[185] 420 1
195  Marshall Islands 97,960,000 2013 est.[186] 1,800 52
196  Micronesia 93,600,000 2013 est.[187] 900 29
197  Cayman Islands (UK) 79,000,000 1998 est. 2,100 7
198  Greenland (Denmark) 36,400,000 2010[188] 650 2
199  Nauru 33,300,000 2004 est.[189] 3,200 22
200  British Virgin Islands (UK) 17,670,000 31 December 2016[190] 570 2

 

Source Wikipedia

External debt as % of GDP

Country/Region % of GDP
1  Cyprus 849
2  Ireland 701
3  Malta 691
4  Singapore 471
5  United Kingdom 345
6  Greece 298
7   Switzerland 285
8  Belgium 269
9  Mongolia 245
10  France 230
11  Finland 223
12  Portugal 203
13  Bahamas 194
14  Norway 181
15  Seychelles 180
16  Spain 170
17  Sweden 169
18  Germany 165
19  Austria 165
20  Puerto Rico (USA) 164
21  Hungary 160
22  Denmark 158
23  Panama 157
24  Montenegro 151
25  Canada 143
26  Italy 141
27  Australia 130
28  Georgia 128
29  Latvia 126
30  Jamaica 122
31  Sudan 121
32  Slovakia 112
33  Kyrgyzstan 112
34  Papua New Guinea 111
35  Bhutan 108
36  Slovenia 104
37  United States 102
38  Armenia 102
39  Barbados 100
40  Cape Verde 99
41  Tunisia 97
42  Japan 96
43  Guinea-Bissau 94
44  Kazakhstan 91
45  New Zealand 90
46  Croatia 89
47  Estonia 89
48  Qatar 83
49  Jordan 83
50  Nicaragua 83

External links

Related

Sources:

  • External Debt CIA

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