Historical Interest Rates in UK since 1800
Bank Rate 1830–1972 and 2006–09, Minimum Lending Rate 1972–81, London clearing banks’ base rate 1981–97, repo rate 1997–2006. End year observation.
Interest Rates since 1975
The highest period of interest rates was in the late 1970s, when the government were fighting high inflation caused by oil prices and rising wages.
Interest rates were also increased to 15% at the beginning of the 1990s when the UK was trying to keep the value of Pound fixed in the ERM and reduce inflation from the Lawson boom.
Since the credit crunch of 2008, interest rates have been close to zero.
Bond yields on UK debt
This is the average yield on 10 year government bonds. THere is steady decline from 1989 to 2021, then a surge in September 2022.
Historical Real Interest Rates
Inflation and Interest Rates 1945-2011
Inflation and Interest Rates since 1900
Interest rates and Inflation since 2006
Definition of Real interest Rate = Nominal interest rate – inflation.
The long period of 0.5% interest rates has led to an unprecedented period of negative real interest rates.
Real interest rates were generally positive in 1980s and 1990s – until financial crash of 2007.
- Definition of Interest Rates
- Interest rates and economy
- Interest rate cycle
- Effect of higher interest rates
Base rates at the Bank of England