List of Countries Energy Use per Capita

A list of energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per capita by country.

The list shows a huge disparity between the highest energy users and the lowest.

It is worth bearing in mind:

  • Colder countries understandably have a relatively higher use of energy because more resources are devoted towards heating.
  • Energy producers have a high energy use, partly because energy tends to be much cheaper. (See cost of petrol per country)
  • The country with the highest energy use per capita is Iceland. A significant part of Iceland’s energy use is thermal energy from naturally occurring volcanic springs. Thus this energy is cheap and does not involve burning fossil fuels.
  • Nevertheless, the huge disparity in energy use primarily reflects different income levels throughout the world.

Energy Use of Major Countries

energy-per-capita

Highest Energy Users per Capita

1 Iceland 16404.7
2 Trinidad and Tobago 15158.2
3 Qatar 14911.1
4 Kuwait 11402.1
5 United Arab Emirates 8588.0
6 Bahrain 8096.3
7 Brunei Darussalam 7971.3
8 Luxembourg 7934.1
9 Canada 7534.0
10 North America 7098.5
11 United States 7050.6
12 Finland 6212.9
13 Australia 5970.9
14 Saudi Arabia 5888.1
15 Norway 5849.3
16 Oman 5554.1
17 Belgium 5299.7
18 Sweden 4883.4
19 High income 4853.1
20 Netherlands 4729.2
21 Korea, Rep. 4659.8
22 Russian Federation 4558.6
23 OECD members 4260.3
24 Kazakhstan 4090.8
25 New Zealand 4032.3
26 Czech Republic 4004.0
27 France 3958.8
28 Turkmenistan 3932.8
29 Germany 3889.1
30 Austria 3784.4
31 Singapore 3704.4
32 Japan 3700.2
33 Estonia 3542.9
34 Euro area 3534.5
35 Switzerland 3480.5
36 Slovenia 3416.6
37 Denmark 3368.7
38 European Union 3305.7
39 Libya 3258.2
40 Ireland 3215.9
41 United Kingdom 3183.3
42 Europe & Central Asia (all income levels) 3160.8
43 Slovak Republic 3086.1
44 Iran, Islamic Rep. 2951.3
45 South Africa 2920.5
46 Israel 2878.3
47 Europe & Central Asia (developing only) 2830.5
48 Belarus 2814.8
49 Spain 2755.9
50 Italy 2735.0
51 Greece 2609.2
52 Lithuania 2511.7
53 Ukraine 2507.4
54 Hungary 2480.3
55 Poland 2463.5
56 Malaysia 2391.0
57 Venezuela, RB 2356.9
58 Bulgaria 2304.5
59 Cyprus 2297.7
60 Portugal 2266.3
61 Hong Kong SAR, China 2133.0
62 Middle East & North Africa (all income levels) 2070.1
63 Serbia 1973.8
64 Croatia 1964.9
65 Malta 1931.5
66 Latvia 1871.4
67 Argentina 1853.3
68 Upper middle income 1844.6
69 World 1790.1
70 Uzbekistan 1757.8
71 East Asia & Pacific (all income levels) 1733.6
72 Chile 1697.6
73 China 1695.3
74 Arab World 1678.1
75 Romania 1601.8
76 Lebanon 1580.3
77 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1579.9
78 Mexico 1558.8
79 Thailand 1503.7
80 East Asia & Pacific (developing only) 1436.5
81 Middle East & North Africa (developing only) 1398.9
82 Turkey 1359.3
83 Macedonia, FYR 1351.9
84 Azerbaijan 1337.6
85 Latin America & Caribbean (all income levels) 1277.8
86 Jordan 1259.6
87 Middle income 1256.1
88 Latin America & Caribbean (developing only) 1245.5
89 Brazil 1242.8
90 Uruguay 1223.7
91 Gabon 1214.2
92 Jamaica 1208.2
93 Mongolia 1193.9
94 Low & middle income 1163.1
95 Algeria 1137.6
96 Syrian Arab Republic 1123.0
97 Costa Rica 1067.1
98 Iraq 1034.9
99 Botswana 1033.7
100 Cuba 1021.6
101 Egypt, Arab Rep. 903.4
102 Panama 895.5
103 Tunisia 881.3
104 Indonesia 850.8
105 Armenia 843.2
106 El Salvador 828.2
107 Dominican Republic 826.1
108 Ecuador 796.0
109 Korea, Dem. Rep. 795.0
110 Namibia 763.8
111 Zimbabwe 762.7
112 Paraguay 749.4
113 Vietnam 744.5
114 Georgia 722.9
115 Guatemala 701.3
116 Nigeria 700.7
117 Colombia 697.2
118 Sub-Saharan Africa (all income levels) 693.6
119 Sub-Saharan Africa (developing only) 693.6
120 Moldova 686.9
121 Lower middle income 659.5
122 Angola 641.1
123 Bolivia 637.6
124 Zambia 617.5
125 Honduras 591.6
126 India 559.6
127 Kyrgyz Republic 559.2
128 Peru 550.3
129 Nicaragua 540.3
130 Albania 537.8
131 Cote d’Ivoire 535.0
132 South Asia 514.4
133 Pakistan 501.6
134 Morocco 476.8
135 Kenya 474.5
136 Sri Lanka 453.9
137 Tanzania 450.7
138 Togo 445.0
139 Mozambique 427.2
140 Philippines 423.6
141 Benin 404.0
142 Ethiopia 402.5
143 Ghana 387.9
144 Sudan 372.3
145 Cambodia 370.7
146 Low income 364.7
147 Cameroon 360.8
148 Congo, Dem. Rep. 357.0
149 Congo, Rep. 355.8
150 Tajikistan 341.8
151 Least developed countries: UN classification 339.8
152 Nepal 338.4
153 Yemen, Rep. 324.1
154 Myanmar 316.4
155 Haiti 263.1
156 Senegal 242.8
157 Bangladesh 201.3
158 Eritrea 142.3

Technical note on definition of energy use

Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.

These figures come from World Bank data series 2009. This is data up to 2011, but this is much more patchy.

3 Responses to List of Countries Energy Use per Capita

  1. Lawrence October 22, 2012 at 3:06 pm #

    Hi. Would be great if you can write up something about the role of regulator

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