Irish national debt – the total amount of Irish government debt.
Irish national debt has increased to 117% of GDP in recent years because of a large financial bailout to Irish banks, deep recession which saw a 20% drop in nominal tax revenues, and continued weakness in GDP growth which has made it difficult to reduce debt to GDP, despite government spending cuts.
The Total Irish Government debt 2012 Q3 – €190,954 million – (117% of GDP)
Irish government debt millions
See also: stats at ECB (Debt based on – Maastricht assets/liabilities – General government (ESA95) – European Commission – All sectors without general government (consolidation) (ESA95)
Irish government spending
The peaks in spending in 2010 were related to the Irish government bailout of banks. After the bailout, the government has pursued spending cuts.
Example of spending cuts from 2012 budget at Telegraph
Ireland 2012 budget
- €2.2bn of the €3.8bn of fiscal consolidation is on the spending side.
- Capital expenditure will be cut by €755m, while current spending cuts to contribute €1.4bn. (includes public sector pay, welfare payments, education and health care)
Irish Tax Revenue
This shows quarterly government tax receipts . It shows a clear downward trend in tax revenue (despite tax increases).
- In 2007, total tax revenue was €69,677 million.
- In 2011, tax revenue had fallen to €55,415 million
- That is a 20% fall in nominal tax revenues between 2007 and 2011.
Note: These statistics are not adjusted for inflation. The real decrease in tax revenues is even greater.
Causes of Irish Debt
- Pre-crisis (2007) national debt – €37.6bn, 19.5% – one of lowest rates of public sector debt in the EU.
- 2008-2013 deficit-related debt – €94.9bn, 49.2% Recession and housing collapse led to significant fall in tax revenues as government received lower income tax, property tax and VAT.
- Banking-related Debt – €60.5bn, 31.4% – cost of bailing out banks, led to record budget deficit of 32% of GDP in 2010.
- Fin facts
- Other put cost of bank bailouts slightly higher at over 70bn Euros (link)
Interest rates on Irish Government Bonds
Bond yields have fallen significantly since 2011 crisis. Helped by ECB intervention, Irish bond yields have fallen to a more manageable 3.8%. ECB long term bond yields
Irish debt back to 1994
Source: C Bank 2010
Gross External debt to GDP shows the liabilities to non-Irish residents. This amounts to over 1,000 % of GDP march 2010. However, these external liabilities are mostly offset by external assets. e.g. non-banking firms owning foreign assets.
Net External debt, is the difference between external liabilities and external assets. Net external debt has increased to 80% of GDP, Q1 2010. This rise in external debt reflects
- Liabilities to European System of Central Banks (ESCB)
- Growth in foreign investors holdings of long term Irish bonds has grown from €29.3 billion at end-2007 to €69.5 billion at end-March 2010.
Gross external government debt has increased from €30billion to over €80bn in 2010.
- Fitch Ratings BBB+ Negative
- Moody’s Ba1
- Standard & Poor’s - BBB+/A-2.
- Credit rating helped by Irish switch of €28bn promissory notes to long term bonds FT
- List of National Debt by Country
- Problems of Irish Economy
- Irish Economic Crisis
- Facts on EU debt crisis